## CMT36

##
Broken symmetry in an unconventional superconductor: a model for the double transition in
UPt_{3}

**Author(s):**
J. A. Sauls

**Comments:**
11 Journal pages

**Journal-ref:**
J. Phys. Cond. Matt. 1, 8135 (1989)
**Abstract:**

The authors present a model for the superconducting states of UPt_{3} in which a
two-dimensional order
parameter couples to a field that breaks the hexagonal symmetry of the crystal. This symmetry-breaking
field (SBF) splits the superconducting transition, leading to two superconducting phases in zero field.
The high-temperature superconducting phase exhibits the broken hexagonal symmetry of the SBF, while the
low-temperature phase spontaneously breaks time-reversal symmetry. The authors calculate the specific
heat jumps at both transitions and compare with the recent measurements by Fisher et al. They find that
sizeable strong-coupling corrections are needed to explain the magnitude of the heat capacity jumps and
the splitting of the transition. They show that a kink in the upper critical field occurs for fields in
the basal plane. Comparison of the discontinuity in the slope of H_{c2}(T)
with the data of Taillefer et al. (on a different UPt_{3} crystal) is in qualitative agreement
with the heat capacity data. They also predict a change in slope of H_{c1}(T)
at the temperature of the second peak in the heat capacity, for all field orientations.
Observation of all three features in the same single crystal would provide convincing evidence for
unconventional pairing in UPt_{3} and would be a stringent test of the model presented.

Paper:
[PDF]