We discuss the relationship of collisionless sound propagation and attenuation to the order parameter collective modes of superfluid 3He-B. These modes, which reflect the symmetries of the normal state as well as the broken gauge and relative rotational symmetries of the condensate, play a central role in the high-frequency acoustic response of the superfluid. We review the theory of acoustic spectroscopy based on the linear coupling of the J=2± modes. We develop the theory of the nonlinear acoustic response of superfluid 3He-B for the case of a three-wave resonance between two sound waves of different frequencies and the J=2± modes, as well as the generation of higher harmonic sound waves. The J=2+ modes couple nonlinearly to two zero-sound waves. The predictions for the nonlinear absorption and velocity anomalies resulting from the J=2+ modes depend on relatively well understood material properties of 3He.
Paper: [arXiv] [PDF]