Superfluid 3He confined in aerogel offers a unique chance to study the effects of a short mean free path on the properties of a well defined superfluid Fermi liquid with anisotropic pairing. Transport coefficients and collective excitations, e.g. longitudinal sound, are expected to react sensitively to a short mean free path and to offer the possibility for testing recently developed models for quasiparticle scattering at aerogel strands. Sound experiments, together with a theoretical analysis based on Fermi liquid theory for systems with short mean free paths, should give valuable insights into the interaction between superfluid 3He and aerogel.
Paper: [PDF] [arXiv] [HTML]